10th Geological Hazards Conference SummaryWe organised the Geological Hazards Conference 10th time. One of characteristics of the conference series is that it does not have a regular location or city; we try to drift with the events and find a location where something is happening or we can see an exciting event near the place of conference.
A one and half billion cubic meter volume landslide happened in Dunaújváros city following several signs in 1964. This remedial measures and complex protective interventions are unique in Europe. The development implemented in the decade following the landslide has been maintained by Partvédelmi Vállalat (~ Bluff Protection Ltd.), an individual economical organisation. This location was the program on the preliminary trip. Our guides were Mr. Tamás Szél (Metaduó Ltd.) Mr. Ferenc Tóth director of Partvédelmi Vállalat and Mr. Pál Labos (Partvédelmi Vállalat) who showed us two different dewatering well constructions with the average depth of 60 m. Down at the toe of the ramp we saw the dryer cuttings and the dewatering tunnel. The pump house is a technical curiosity witch slid 34 meters and turned 12 degrees during the landslide but survived without serious damages and it has worked since then following some renovations.
Our conference has stepped in 21st century too and Mr. Vitor Correia president of the European Federation of the Geologists opened the conference via the Internet. Mr. Ferenc Tóth Civil Defence Superintendent, National Directorate for Disaster Management, Ministry of the Interior as the patron welcomed the participants and he chaired the first section. In the opening speech and in the comments to the presentations he fought for the importance of prevention of hazards. He asked the representatives of the geosciences to be more active in prevention and to represent the importance of geology more effectively in front of the public too.
In addition to other important issues Vitor Correia in his presentation discussed these summons besides other important things and he talked about the significant role of geology and geologists from the research of raw materials to the importance of basic research. He talked about the role of geologists in the prevention of disasters in the European Union and he supported Mr Tóth’s opinion that geologists should communicate the continuous change of our environment better to the public.
The 22 oral and 3 poster presentations covered all of the disaster types in the geological environment of Hungary. Naturally a number of presentations dealt with the unstable slopes and bluffs of the River Danube and the prevention and mitigation measures of damages, and the floods and the potential prevention of damages caused by them. The presentation about the land drainage of the Ajka-Kolontár region was in relation this topic too.
The results of the research and design of the possible remedial measures for the acute problem at the Fonyód Bluff (near Lake Balaton) was presented too. The ‘force majeure’ financial support system and the management of these cases in the settlements were discussed in different presentations. Presenting the results of urban geology research about the agglomeration of Budapest may answer the recommendation of Mr Tóth and Mr Correia who demanded the more active participation of geologists in mapping geological hazards and prevention. This type of mapping would be absolutely necessary in the almost 1000 Hungarian settlements where the geological hazards cause problems.
I could guide really persistent participants to the locations of the Kulcs landslides. Unfortunately the mayor of Kulcs could not participate on the conference due to an unexpected event so the introduction of the village was incomplete, but the presentation of the landslides and the remedial measures might have compensated the participants.
Let us say thank you to the professional organisations supporting us and our sponsors who have provided the moral and financial backgrounds for the success of the conference. Let me put light on filtrexx and Maccaferri companies and their representatives who provided excellent professional presentation of their products.
We greatly missed our geologist and chief architect colleagues from the Government Offices who must deal with these issues on a daily basis as well as some colleagues representing our professional supporter. I hope we can welcome them as guests at the next 11th Geological Hazards Conference in 2017 together with our participants this year.
My original objective of the conference series was to provide the scientific background for the Government Program for Bluff Hazard Prevention initiated by Government Regulation No. 1001/1997 (01.15.).
The goals of the conference are to call applying settlements, designers, construction companies, technical supervisors, geological, geological engineering, geographical, urban development, etc. professionals together to discuss the effective solutions for the problems.
In the past 17 years the changes in the social and natural processes have required constant adaptation to current problems. Adaptation, change in the attitudes and international relations are needed, since the funds of the European Union play an important role in the management and prevention of events hindering land use and disasters in the geological environment. Therefore this year but mainly the following Geological Hazards Conferences will focus on geology with the interdisciplinary view.
The socio-economic problems caused by geological hazards do not only cause problems through conventional natural processes but the effect of dramatic conversion of nature, industrial pollution, ignoring natural conditions and global climate change.
The conference wishes to address these effects and solutions with the following keywords:
- Geological hazards – to understand the seemingly unchanging, slow change;
- Geological hazards – to adapt to the changing environment;
- Geological hazards – to dispose of waste at least with documentation;
- Earth – we can live on in spite of the geological hazards.
We are looking forward to speakers who would like to share their ideas with our audience. Participants are also very welcome; we believe that the conference has got an additional value, they can benefit from.